You should always refer to actual samples to assure colour and texture as it may vary from these images.
A North-American wood specy, red oak is the most used wood of the furniture industry. Because of it's open grain, sliced and cathedral crowns, it is the classic of the traditional look. The non-filled grain, defines what makes the oak beautiful and classic.
As another North-American wood specy, the cherry wood and veneer is part of the early American tradional period furniture. That you finish it in light or dark, it takes many forms as to what you want your furniture to look like.
The maple wood (also known as hardrock maple) is an Eastern Canadian/USA classic specy with it's closed and tight wood grain. Once finish, the pores are closed. No filler is needed to create a smooth and mirror surface. It is the most durable wood in on the North-American continent.